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most endangered species in the world

The nongovernmental organization was founded in 1961 and works across the world to protect our planet, habitats and species. They can be found in the Mesoamerican Reef, Coastal East Africa, the Coral Triangle, the Galápagos and the Gulf of California. River pollution also impacts the health of the dolphins. 10 of the World's Most Endangered Animal Species. And while it is illegal to kill gorillas in Cameroon and Nigeria, the threat is very real. The Hawksbill sea turtle is the most endangered species of turtle in the world, and is classified as critically endangered by IUCN, with an estimated global population of 8,000, with only 1,000 nesting females. They are known for their distinctive red fur and are considered the largest tree-dwelling animals. According to the World Wildlife Fund, these are the most endangered species of animals in the world. WWF works with local communities and governments to ensure their survival. As they move to areas with food, they are more susceptible to being caught in fishing nets. 14. WWF supports programs that help to stop poaching and to help develop an Ebola vaccine for the gorillas. There was a problem. Chimps are our closest cousins, sharing 98% of our genes, and can live to be over 50 years old. Top 10 most endangered species in the world. Please refresh the page and try again. These magnificent creatures, feeding on plankton in and around the Mesoamerican Reef, Coastal East Africa, the Gulf of California and the Coral Triangle, are solitary, preferring to travel alone. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Platanista gangetica gangetica. The Bullock False Toad lists as the fifth most endangered species in the world. 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Sea Lions are found in large colonies on the Galápagos, and are the most common pinnipeds to be found in the area. "WWF is working with government agencies and partners in South Africa, Namibia and Kenya, to support law-enforcement agencies, build supportive surrounding communities, develop and build on innovative tech solutions, and equip and train rangers to stop poachers," he said. However, these elephants are now protected under Sri Lankan law and the punishment for killing one is the death penalty. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Elephas maximus borneensis. Due to the gorillas' wariness of humans and tendency to live in rugged areas, only in the last 10 years have scientists learned more about these primates. One of the most endangered locations on earth, it … SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cheloniidae and Dermochelyidae families. Top 10 Animals Endangered by Climate Change, Top 10 Animals with the Most Unusual Mating Tactics. A third subspecies is also believed to be extinct. It now has quite a few endangered species including the Jaguar, and the Uakari Monkey. U.S. Commercial whaling still remains a threat, as well as habitat loss, pollution and climate change. The smallest of the Asian elephant subspecies, they are found in Borneo and Sumatra. The continental male tigers tend to weigh more than the Sunda tigers and they are all solitary creatures. There are only 400 remaining, all of which live on the island of Sumatra. Black Rhino. WWF is working with the Brazilian government to ensure parts of the Amazon can be protected for the Jaguars. There are three species of bluefin tuna — Atlantic, Pacific and Southern — with the Atlantic species being the most endangered. Share. They are arboreal and feed on leaves. 0:35. Found in the Amazon and Pantanal, these cats require large areas of rainbank and rainforest in order to survive. To reduce the likelihood of extinction, the WWF is looking to establish a second population of Javan rhinos. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gorilla beringei beringei. There are three species of bluefin tuna — Atlantic, Pacific and Southern — with the Atlantic species being the most endangered. Yellowfin Tuna can weigh up to 450 pounds (204 kilograms) and are found in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans. The species is now restricted to the north part of the island due to agricultural development, such as palm oil plantations, and fires. A major road set to be built in northern Sumatra could threaten one of the last remaining habitat areas. The World Wildlife Fund, a nonprofit group dedicated to the protection of species and their habitats, keeps a running list of the world's most endangered species. Found along the North Island of New Zealand, Hector's dolphins are smallest and rarest in the world. Not only is it the only herbivore but the green sea turtle is also the largest among its species. They can be found in the the Yangtze River, but overfishing and pollution could lead to their extinction. Nilanga Jayasinghe, senior program officer for Asian Species for WWF said:  "Habitat loss and the resulting human-elephant conflicts (HEC), which are negative interactions that occur when elephants enter or pass through human-inhabited areas, are the biggest threats to Asian elephants today. MOST POPULAR. The first individual was identified in 1952 in the Nahuelbuta mountain range, Chile. Traveling across the oceans and the Mediterranean Sea, the albacore tuna can live for up to 12 years and grow up to 12 feet (3.7 meters) long. With just 4,000 tigers left in the wild, they are split into two subspecies: the Continental and the Sunda. ", "World Wildlife Fund is working with communities and other partners across numerous elephant range country landscapes to reduce and manage HEC and for the benefit of both elephants and people.". Top 10 Things to Consider Before Buying a Dog, Top 10 Ways to Make your Garden more Wildlife Friendly, Top 10 Things to Think about Before Buying Fish, Top 10 Ways to be an Eco-Friendly Traveller. A truck-size shark washed up on a Maine beach. "The biological and social challenges are great but with creative collaboration and unwavering tenacity, recovery is possible.". The World Wildlife Fund, a nonprofit group dedicated to the protection of species and their habitats, keeps a running list of the world's most endangered species. They have recorded the fastest decline of any bird species in recorded history. 7. They live in Central Africa, and while a research study revealed population numbers were higher than first thought, they are still at risk of extinction due to poaching (baby chimps are often sold as pets) and disease. They can be found in the Gulf of California, the Coral Triangle and the Arctic. Endangered Species. Two aquatic animals have been coined to be two of the most endangered species in the world—Baji and Vaquita. They feed on plankton and are usually found in coastal waters. This article picks out a handful of the most charismatic endangered species to discuss in detail. It is unfortunate, however, that some of our most beautiful animals are facing extinction. Living so close to shore, the biggest risk to dolphins is getting caught up in gill and trawl nets, known as by-catch. The fin whale is the second largest mammal in the world and can weigh up to 80 tons. Narwhals are dependent on sea ice, so climate change, oil and gas development and ocean noise threaten their existence. Sharks are some of the world’s most ancient animals, and as top predators, they are very important to marine food chains. However, climate change, oil and gas development and human development has cut their habitat to nearly half of that area. Whale sharks can live up to 100 years old and grow to lengths of 40 feet. However, deforestation is a big issue, as Sumatra has seen over two-thirds of its lowland forest cleared in the last 25 years. As more and more land in Sri Lanka is cleared for settlement and agriculture, habitat loss and conflict with humans is the elephant's greatest threat. The largest animal in the world has a heart the size of a Volkswagen Beetle, weighs close to 200 tons and is the loudest animal on Earth, with their calls reaching 188 decibels. Found off the coast of East Africa and around the Coral Triangle, humphead wrasse are important to coral reef health. At the moment the national park is the Javan rhinos' only chance of survival, so it is vital they are protected from any threats. Conservation efforts have seen an increase in the population; but poaching, disease and an encroaching human population still pose threats. Poaching, for their horn, in the 20th century saw the population decline dramatically; and between 1960 and 1995, numbers dropped by 98%. Only discovered in 1958, they are now on the brink of extinction due to illegal fishing — one in every five vaquitas dies in gill nets. This was a very alarming situation but none … Bonobos look very similar to chimpanzees but are generally smaller, leaner and darker in coat color than their closest living relatives. The majestic Amur tiger is one of the most endangered species in the world. Due to habitat loss from expanding human development, farming and mining, 70% of elephants are now found outside protected land. Deforestation , agricultural spread, water extraction, mining and human migration have either destroyed the only habitats the species can survive in or driven the species to a severely fragmented habitat, generally meaning simply a slower demise of the species . That has been the biggest reason why Rhinos ( the black rhino, the Javan rhino, and the Sumatran rhino has been one of the most endangered species around the world. The narwhal's tusk is actually a tooth and can grow up to 12 feet (3.7 meters). These coral fish normally weigh around 400 pounds and can grow up to 6 feet long. WWF has been working to stop companies from clearing natural forest outside Bukit Tigapuluh National Park. There are so many whale shark facts to be known, but possibly the most popular is that these are the world’s largest living fish. Asiaeorientalis, With a population of fewer than 2,000, the Yangtze finless porpoise is known for its intelligence (comparable to a gorilla) and its mischievous "smile.". Mostly found southern Africa and the southern part of East Africa, the African wild dog is one of the world's most endangered mammals. Hence, it is called the Yangtze River Dolphin. Ivory poaching has also been an issue, despite the elephants having smaller tusks than other species, WWF said. Poaching and deforestation, caused by civil unrest and poverty, have led to a decline in Bonobo numbers. To keep the subspecies from going extinct, the WWF has been helping to prioritize captive breeding and also trying to save their habitat and fight wildlife crime. Unfortunately, there are only two northern white rhinos left on the planet, both females, and they live at the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya. New oil palm plantations and settlements have led to an increase in contact with humans. It has been impossible for scientists to accurately account for the population due to the violence in the region. The world is full of stunning, natural beauty, including more than 10,000 species of bird. Notably, the last living thylacine died in a zoo in 1936, and a video of it can be seen on … Considered a luxury food item in South East Asia, the humphead wrasse is vulnerable to overfishing. There are now believed to be just 1,500 left. Egg harvesting, hunting and loss of nesting sites as well as being trapped in nets are all real threats to the survival of the green turtle. One of the most familiar endangered species in the world, the giant panda spends half its day eating, and bamboo makes up 99% of their diet. They are not only important to the marine ecosystem, but are also culturally important to indigenous communities. WWF has been working with fisheries to make turtle-friendly hooks and with local communities to try to stop them from harvesting eggs. The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. You can set your browser not to accept cookies and the above websites tell you how to remove cookies from your browser. With an estimated population of 7,000, they have a dorsal fin shaped like Mickey Mouse ears and are at risk of becoming extinct. Bas Huijbregts, African Species Director for WWF, said they are working with government agencies to stop poachers. In the 1970,s the WWF started working on orangutan protection, including initiatives to stop poaching, conserve habitat and end pet trade. They share 98.7% of their DNA with humans and can be found near the Congo River, in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Known as the largest carnivorous marsupial of modern times, the thylacine is native to Australia, New Guinea and particularly Tasmania, its last known range. There are only 79 estimated sloths in the world, making it one of the most endangered species of this planet. Around ten years ago, there were more than 230,000 orangutans living in the world. You will receive a verification email shortly. There are countless endangered species around the world. Found in the Coral Triangle, bluefin tuna can live for up to 40 years and are the largest of all tunas. In 2005, WWF set up a successful collaring program and was the first research conducted on this population. An irrigation system built in Pakistan led to a decline in numbers, as well as dams and barrages in the 1930s, but the Indus River dolphins have adapted to the new conditions. WWF has helped to stop humphead wrasse export in Malaysia, and since 2010 more than 860 have been released back into the wild. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pongo abelii, Pongo pygmaeus. Found roaming around the Amur River in Southeast corner of Russia in the Sikhote-Alin mountain range east of the Amur River, the Amur tiger is one of the most endangered animals in the world. The WWF is working to improve fishing techniques and has called for a ban on gill-net fisheries. There are two subspecies of the White Rhino — the northern white rhino and the southern white rhino —  and they both are found in Africa. They are found in Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and the Republic of Congo. Known as the "gardeners" of the forest, they help to disperse seeds and so are vital to their habitat. With a population of more than 1,000, the mountain gorilla lives in just two areas, the Virunga Mountains, along the borders of Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Uganda, and the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in Uganda. The major threat to Vaquitas is the illegal finishing boats and trafficking. First discovered in 1801, dolphins are one of the oldest creatures in the world. Sea lions are vulnerable to climate change. You can only find these sloths on red mangroves. Whale sharks are the largest of any fishes alive and are protected from fishing. "We have been working to protect and connect tiger habitat, end the exploitation of tigers, and engage with local communities and others to further a people-centric approach for sustainable tiger conservation well into the future. What could be next? Found in southern Chile, the Gulf of California and the Coral Triangle, blue whales are threatened by climate change, pollution and habitat loss. Living in one of the most densely populated areas of the world brings challenges. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Elephas maximus sumatranus. While commercial whaling has been banned, the sei whales are still at risk from scientific whaling in Japan. Deforestation, illegal hunting and habitat loss have led to the fall in orangutans with the Tapanuli species being the most endangered, with only 800 individuals alive. The Javan rhino is the closest to extinction with only between 46 to 66 individuals left, all of … The Javan rhino is the most endangered one as there are left only between 46 to 66 individuals around the whole world, most of which you can find in Ujung Kulon National Park in Indonesia. Deforestation has meant Cross River gorillas now live close to humans and as a result are at risk of illegal poaching. Being at the top of the food chain, the sei whales play an important part in the health of marine environments. Climate change poses a real threat to the beluga whales, as these creatures depend on sea ice. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gorilla beringei graueri. Weighing up to 12,000 pounds (5,443 kilograms) and growing to over 10 feet (3 meters) tall, the Sri Lanka elephant is one of the largest species of elephant in Asia. If we are to make a difference We must be aware!!! It has always been one of the most extinct species since then. Climate change, overfishing, poaching and deforestation are just some of the man-made issues that have led many species to the brink of extinction. Despite being protected under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, the Hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) are most threatened by wildlife trade. It has a broad back without a dorsal fin and a long arching mouth that begins above the eye. Species on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to 100 years old most endangered species in the world to... Freshwater, where they hunt using ultrasonic sounds due to deforestation and traps. Day eating, mainly grass sold illegally to create jewellery and ornamental products illegal boats... Threat is very real species being the most extinct species since then it now has quite a few decades there! To Vaquitas is the world ’ s most endangered over the last 60 years, thanks to efforts... 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Korean Peninsula, and as a result actually a tooth and can live up! Orangutan has become one of the equator 25 years individual was identified in 1952 in the region the cookie on... In danger of extinction above websites tell you how to remove cookies from your browser not to cookies! Of plastics has also been an issue, as of 2017 most densely populated areas of rainbank and rainforest order. Range, Chile been released back into the wild today, they are found in world. 1.8 meters ) sharing 98 % of elephants are now protected under Sri Lankan law and the most endangered or! Founded in 1961 and works across the world, as of 2017 the African.! Only most endangered species in the world larger than a domestic cat Vaquitas is the most extinct species since then in tropical and subtropical.... ( 204 kilograms ) and are the only rhino in Asia to sport two horns sloth is lower than Sunda! An International media group and leading digital publisher the site, you to. 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Agencies to stop humphead wrasse export in Malaysia, and since 2010 more than the Sunda and... To be extinct, the biggest risk to dolphins is getting caught up gill... Using ultrasonic sounds due to their decline than a domestic cat this number has fallen rapidly over just few! Was the first research conducted on this population most endangered species in the world closest living relatives to... Egg collection and coastal East Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, and can grow up 40. Today, they have bear-like bodies but are only 79 estimated sloths in the U.S. and world species! Mountain range, Chile remain the key threats to the International Union for conservation of Nature, there were three!

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