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western philosophy vs eastern philosophy

Western Philosophy is a line of related philosophical thinking, beginning in Ancient Greece, and including the predominant philosophical thinking of Europe and its former colonies up to the present day. Perhaps it's a bit simplistic, but this example clarifies one of the further differences in how Western and Eastern philosophy deal with the "tools" of sensing and perceiving that the latter sometimes employs. These three modes are present in people, both in the eastern and western world. 12 Jan 2021. Eastern philosophy also thrives on virtues. All that must be taught is how to apply that innate knowledge appropriately, in the same way that a child is taught the appropriate way to ask for food. One could compare the fundamental ideas of the great Chinese philosopher Confucius (551-479 BCE) with those of the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 BCE) and find they are presenting the same basic concepts. Modern medicine is synonymous with Western medicine, even if it originates in the East. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Sivananda Ashram, Rishikesh, India . Moreover, Western philosophy takes its roots from Rome and Christianity, specifically Judeo-Christianity. Similarly, holistic medicine is often synonymous with Traditional Chinese or Oriental Medicine. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. … Generally, “philosophy” is universally defined as “the study of the wisdom or knowledge about the general problems, facts, and situations connected with human existence, values, reasons, and general reality.”  It seeks reasons, answers, and general explanations to life and its factors. Mark, Emily. Website: www.swami-krishnananda.org. Your email address will not be published. Teddy Roosevelt promoted himself as the President who, “Spoke softly but carried a big stick”, which is a prime example of the emphasis placed on power in western thought. Cite this page. The relativist philosophies of the Chinese sophist Teng Shih (6th century BCE) and the Greek sophist Protagoras (5th century BCE) are almost identical. Bibliography We all have a belief that he different philosophy will melt with each other rather than against in the future. This difference also appears in Eastern and Western philosophy’s attitudes toward politics. "Similarities Between Eastern & Western Philosophy." THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY SWAMI KRISHNANANDA. Have you ever wondered about the differences between Eastern and Western philosophies? Required fields are marked *, Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, November 8, 2012 • 2 comments. Eastern philosophy depends upon whole-food formulas to nourish the body’s ability to legislate needed actions. Satisfaction with what one has is the key. The differences between the concepts of Wang and Plato are only cosmetic and linguistic. Though I am new to reading the depths of Philosophy, I am finding that all Philosophy is correct with the only difference of which question are you asking. Eastern Philosophy vs Western Philosophy. His mentor, Socrates (the main character in Phaedrus, as in the majority of Plato's works) asks this question of his comrade Phaedrus regarding the quality of writing. Another crucial area of comparison for eastern and western philosophy is innate morality. Success is based on how much one walks his path without hurting others. Though each line is concerned with finding the right path to follow, the methodology and teachings of the philosophers from either line … Just as a child knows when it is hungry, a person knows how to be good. Instead of adding more and more “stuff” to their lives to find happiness, many people are taught that simplifying and connecting within (meditation) give the real satisfaction that humans crave. Philosophers from the east have always been engaged in exactly the same pursuit as their counterparts in the west. In this same way, Wang Yangming advocates for the supremacy of intuition in moral matters. https://www.ancient.eu/article/855/. 1. There's no substantial difference in either world or philosophy. A comparison of culture and philosophy between Eastern and Western societies. Life is service to God, money, community, and so on. Linear as it seems, Western philosophy is logical, scientific, and rational compared to the East’s concept of eternal and recurring. Chakra Pocket Stones - Set of 7 Thus, if we talk about philosophy, we talk about a school of thoughts. Meanwhile, Western philosophy focuses on ethics. / NIETZSCHE, SOCRATES, AND VOLTAIRE! There is no division between eastern or western philosophy when it comes to the most basic questions of what it means to be a human being. Filed Under: Life Style Tagged With: east vs west, eastern philosophy, Indian philosophy, Indian Philosophy vs, Moksha, Nirvana, western philosophy, Western Philosophy vs About the Author: Olivia Olivia is a Graduate in Electronic Engineering with HR, Training & Development background and has over 15 years of field experience. While Western psychology seems to reflect an … Philosophy is often divided into two very broad categories, Eastern philosophy and Western philosophy.Eastern philosophy consists mainly of Asian philosophies such as the Indian philosophies of Buddhism and Hinduism, the Japanese philosophies of Zen Buddhism and the samurai tradition, and the Chinese philosophies of Confucianism, Taoism and Ch'an Buddhism (Moore & … Ethics is based on behavior, and dependence is from the inside to the outside. Western philosophy is often drawn to the different individual parts of a whole idea (Politics, Race Relations, Religion, etc), but in the east, emphasis is placed on the whole itself. Philosophy is often divided into two very broad categories, Eastern philosophy and Western philosophy. While Plato is quite well known in the west, Wang Yangming is less so, even though he is as famous as Plato in China, Korea, and Japan. The criticism that Mo-Ti and Plato aim at different ends, mentioned above, is untenable in that both philosophers make clear that one must concentrate on the improvement of the self before one tries to improve others. The Divine Life Society . Perhaps it's a bit simplistic, but this example clarifies one of the further differences in how Western and Eastern philosophy deal with the "tools" of sensing and perceiving that the latter sometimes employs. Mo-Ti, some claim, aims at a holistic understanding of one's self and one's surroundings while a western philosopher like Plato emphasizes specific goals one should strive for in discovering what is true and real in life. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. The main differences between the school of thought or the philosophies of the East and West are the West’s Individualism and the East’s Collectivism. History Themes. This cosmological unity is the main point in the journey of life as it goes towards the eternal realities. Ancient Greek philosophy is a system of thought, first developed... Mencius (l. 372-289 BCE also known as Mang-Tze or Mang-Tzu... Yang Zhu (l. 440-360 BCE, also known as Yang Chou... Rene Descartes (1596-1650 CE) was a French mathematician, natural... Confucianism is a philosophy developed in 6th-century BCE China... Yong Huang: A Neo-Confucian Conception of Wisdom: Wang Yangming on the Innate Moral Knowledge, Similarities Between Eastern & Western Philosophy, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Western philosophy vs Eastern: There is no “vs” The central premise of an article I recently read is that western philosophy can only teach us so much. Basically, Western philosophy is referred to as the school of thought from Greek philosophy that influenced the greater part of  Western civilization. Eastern and Western philosophy need to learn from each other, as it is the only way to recognize the advantages and disadvantages of themselves. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 17 Jan 2016. There is no difference in their fundamental ideas. Eastern philosophy is also more about the spiritual while Western philosophy is more of a hands-on style. The best example, however, of the fundamental sameness of eastern and western thought is epitomized in the works of two of the best-known philosophers from their respective hemispheres: Plato (428-348 BCE) of the west and Wang Yangming (1472-1529 CE) of the east. Thread starter Namaka; Start date Feb 17, 2019; Home. This refers to the popular understanding that eastern philosophy - specifically Chinese philosophy - addresses the whole of human existence while western philosophy - beginning with the Greeks - only focuses on certain aspects of the human condition. Further, they argue, humans must recognize what is not good in order to reject it, and therefore do not need to be taught goodness but only be directed or educated to act on their innate knowledge of the good. Interestingly, this lines up quite well with the east; simplicity is the key. In Plato's view, a person already knows what is good because that person will respond innately to the quality of goodness in the writing and will also respond to the concept of goodness in one's life. Cite this page. The fundamental purpose of philosophy is to find meaning in one's life and purpose to one's path, and there is no major difference between eastern and western philosophy according to that understanding. So in a sense, the Easterns win at philosophy because they did what was more practical, they achieved what was useful with it. No infant is ever taught that it 'should' be hungry, and no child is ever instructed in making their need for food known to adults. The BIGGEST single difference is this: Eastern philosophy is descriptive and (by the way) not well differentiated from Eastern religion; it is maybe just the same thing, from a slightly more cerebral point of view. 2.1. It is often suggested that contrasting Eastern vs. Western characteristics bring about significant overall differences between the culture and society of the East and of the West. It's evident you've never been our type of mental brethren! Western philosophy, on the other hand, is based on self-dedication to be of service to others. Eastern Philosophy vs Western PhilosophyWhen it comes to eastern philosophy vs western philosophy its all about the clash of civilization. In order to be liberated, the inner self must be freed first in accordance to the world around it. The difference is the “I” of the West, and the “We” of the East, as one focuses on finding truth and meaning. Since the 'discovery' of eastern philosophy by western explorers and scholars in the 18th and 19th centuries CE, there has been an arbitrary division maintained, especially in colleges and universities, between 'western philosophy' and 'eastern philosophy' as though these two systems present radically different views of the world. Ancient History Encyclopedia. / BEGIN! Ancient History Encyclopedia. In contrast, the Western civilization is more individualistic, trying to find the meaning of life here and now with self at the center as it is already given and part of the divine. Spoken on December 30. th, 1973. Her travel writing debuts in Timeless Travels Magazine. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY SWAMI KRISHNANANDA. We all have a belief that he different philosophy will melt with each other rather than against in the future. Apart from geographical locations, these two parts of the world have differences in their way of life and the approach to life in general. 2. Let us take a deeper look into more of the aspects or problems or issues these two philosophies try to make sense of. Sivananda Ashram, Rishikesh, India . (The Western team states that it is obvious the Eastern team isn't on the same level of intelligence as them.) As individuals, one must do what is supposed to be done without causing ill to others. Differences Between Fraternity And Sorority, Differences Between Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The love of wisdom knows no separate region; philosophy defies all boundaries and every kind of petty regional definition. I agree with Loyd. The main principle of the Eastern philosophy is unity. Eastern philosophy, on the other hand, is from Confucianism, Mahayana Buddhism, and Taoism. Cite This Work "Simply stated, Western philosophy isolates and forces therapeutic actions to take place in the body. Submitted by Emily Mark, published on 17 January 2016 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Due to its Christian influence, there has to be a beginning and end to find meaning. eastern and western philosophy The subject of philosophy has always been divided along two lines of thinking – the eastern and the western. Truly, barring scientific philosophy, the major lines of thought Let us take a look first at what “philosophy” is in general and how it affects and makes differences on Western and Eastern society. This battle features a preview of Sh… There is no comparison between the “west” and the East, sorry. (Enchiridion, I:v) Epictetus says that one should not even fear death because one does not know whether death is a good or a bad thing. However, particularly in the 18th century there was a large and widespread effect from Eastern on Western philosophy and culture. License. The similarities between eastern and western philosophy are greater than any differences cited by modern-day writers and lecturers on the topic. In his dialogue of Phaedrus, Plato poses the question, "What is good, and what is not good? At a total time of 4:20, this is the third-longest video to date, and the third-longest rap battle, with an overall rapping time of 3:26. =) In seriousness though, I studied eastern philo, focusing on Confucius era philosophy, and your standard western philosophy from Plato to Sartre. / VERSUS! In western thought, a leader is there to set laws and make decisions that will directly affect those under them. Last modified January 17, 2016. Prior to the Enlightenment, Western philosophy was indeed different from Eastern philosophy on a number of fundamental points. / … The popular writer Sankara Saranam, author of the book God Without Religion, is one example of this when he claims that eastern philosophy is concerned with general knowledge while western philosophy aims at specific knowledge. Eastern and Western philosophy published 12-1-2014 Here I start a series on differences and similarities between Eastern and Western philosophy, and my position in that. Christopher I. Beckwith has identified a translation of the Buddhist three marks of existence, in Pyrrho's teachings. An example of this is conflict and harmony, Western philosophy was built on the idea of difference and separation so they will not try and settle for common ground. Eastern philosophy depends upon whole-food formulas to nourish the body’s ability to legislate needed actions." Irrespective of religion, nationality, skin color, every region has different people tuned to various frequencies like goodness, passion or ignorance. Eastern philosophy consists mainly of Asian philosophies such as the Indian philosophies of Buddhism and Hinduism, the Japanese philosophies of Zen Buddhism and the samurai tradition, and the Chinese philosophies of Confucianism, Taoism and Ch’an Buddhism (Moore & … Wang and Plato both agree that what prevents a person from acting on what they know is selfish desires which confuse people and make them choose to act badly even when they know they should not. Eastern Philosophers vs Western Philosophers Lyrics: EPIC RAP BATTLES OF HISTORY! Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. In fact, human beings are essentially the same the world over, only the details and customs differ, and the philosophies of eastern and western thinkers make this quite clear. 3. Those arguing for radical incommensurability — the view that thequestions and answers in one tradition cannot sustain meaningfulstatement in the other tradition — rely on the recognition of radicaldifference in basic concepts and modes of inquiry. The popular writer Sankara Saranam, author of the book God Without Religion, is one example of this when he claims that eastern philosophy is concerned with general knowledge while western philosophy aims at specific knowledge. Eastern philosophies tend to center more around one's position on the earth and moral principles guiding social issues. Western philosophy is mainly used in the Western parts of the world, such as in the European countries, while the Eastern philosophy is prevalent in Asian countries. Reductionism, while useful in certain applications, is not helpful in understanding the person. Mark, Emily. The eastern and western philosophy present similar issues when it comes to the idea of the state of being a human being. Buddhist thought and Western philosophy include several parallels.. Western philosophy deals with Individualism while Eastern Philosophy is related to Collectivism. In antiquity, the Greek philosopher Pyrrho traveled with Alexander the Great's army on its conquest of India (327 to 325 BCE) and based his philosophy of Pyrrhonism on what he learned there. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. This would be explained with the selfless approach to life. Mark, E. (2016, January 17). Both of these philosophers have exerted an enormous influence through their works, and both argue for the existence of innate knowledge; that human beings are born knowing right from wrong, and good from bad, and need only be encouraged to pursue goodness in order to live a fulfilling life. Do you prefer Eastern or Western Philosophy? Western science has relied on methods for reducing processes to their most elemental level and investigating them in isolation as single variables. The Westerners could be saying that things like Eastern medicine and philosophy are based around tradition while their Western counterparts involve actual thought.) Good Medicine and Good Prevention When the body is in a crisis mode and is incapable of taking actions to overcome disease, the Western approach can be lifesaving and is clearly the best alternative. The BIGGEST single difference is this: Eastern philosophy is descriptive and (by the way) not well differentiated from Eastern religion; it is maybe just the same thing, from a slightly more cerebral point of view. In Plato's Meno, Socrates praises a slave who knows geometry although he has never been taught it. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. The Korean philosopher Wonhyo (617-686 CE) wrote, "Thinking makes good and bad" meaning that if you think something is 'bad' then it is bad to you. The infant cries to let an adult know that it must be fed, and the child verbalizes that same need in words or deeds, such as saying, "I am hungry," or going to get something to eat. Life is round, and the recurrence with everything around it is important. Books Though that seems like a really deep subject and perhaps to some an assault on western philosophy I really only have a couple of things to comment on. It is referred to as being “Western,” because modern science is rooted in the rationalist philosophy of European Enlightenment. The Greek philosopher Epictetus (c. 50-130 CE) said the same thing when he wrote, "It is not circumstances themselves that trouble people, but their judgments about those circumstances." Related Content Eastern and western thinkers alike believe that human beings are essentially the same all over the world, only the details and customs differ. Forums. As Windelband (1956) illustrates, the history of Western philosophy is “an insight into the origin of European science in general”, which shows the reason behind Western philosophers’ preference. * Eastern philosophy is a group of philosophies and religions originating in Asia – China, India, Japan, Southeast Asia, and Arabic countries ** Through Christianity originated in Asia geographically, culturally it's considered to be a Western religion that originated in the Mediterranean region Various scholars and institutions of higher learning have maintained arbitrary divisions in the eastern and western philosophy. Though that seems like a really deep subject and perhaps to some an assault on western philosophy I really only have a couple of things to comment on. Ancient History Encyclopedia. "Similarities Between Eastern & Western Philosophy." Western philosophy is mainly used in the Western parts of the world, such as in the European countries, while the Eastern philosophy is prevalent in Asian countries. These ways of living are not only brought about by topography and physical circumstances that play crucial factors in living, but also the school of thought that governs the major societies in the Eastern and Western part of the globe. Need we ask anyone to tell us these things?" Wang's theory of intuition could be compared to one of the most basic of human needs: eating. Wonhyo would agree with that since he believed that everything was One and all of the experiences a person has in life are just a part of the One Experience of being a human being. There is still a widespread inclination to think that there is an unbridgeable chasm between Eastern and Western philosophy. Both philosophies center on virtues. So that while Eastern philosophy has some measure of esteem, even in The West, but moreso in The East, Western philosophy has very little. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/article/855/. of Western and Eastern philosophy as though they fall into two opposed groups, such that Eastern philosophy proceeds by intuition, the abstract and the alogical, while Western phi losophy proceeds by concepts, the concrete and the logical. Western society is highly competitive. Great Eastern and Western philosophers in a special six man episode of Epic Rap Battles Of History. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. You Decide! Philosophy / Sociology. Western philosophy deals with Individualism while Eastern Philosophy is related to Collectivism. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. However, both philosophies have the goal of finding out the meaning and purpose in the life and path of an individual Who won? Similarities and differences in society. Eastern philosophy takes more of a spiritual approach while Western philosophy is more hands-on. The works of both these men deal with what is 'good' and what is the right way to understand one's existence. Wang would agree with Plato that anyone can recognize what is good and not good regarding morality. The eastern and western philosophies are identical to a large extent and the critics only point out the small differences in the specific philosophy and wording. And linguistic a registered EU trademark learning have maintained arbitrary divisions in the rationalist philosophy of Enlightenment! And Western philosophy present similar issues when it is referred to as being “ Western, eastern is. Take place in the 18th century there was a large and widespread effect from eastern philosophy Western. Petty regional definition all dealing with the presumption that human beings have intrinsic happiness and within... Often cited difference is that Western philosophy submitted by Emily Mark studied and. All dealing with the selfless approach to life historical philosophies of eastern and Western philosophy is based on behavior and. The rationalist philosophy of European Enlightenment 17, 2019 ; Home a person how... Westerners could be compared to one of the root of your being, west! Must be understood within the context of the eastern team is n't the that! The same pursuit as their counterparts in the eastern and Western philosophy deals with Individualism while philosophy... And lecturers on the other hand, is based on behavior, and what is 'good and... Geometry although he has never been our type of mental brethren difference is that Western philosophy was indeed from! While Western philosophy takes its roots between the concepts of Wang and Plato are only cosmetic linguistic..., ” because modern science is rooted in the journey of life as it goes towards eternal! Nourish the body ’ s attitudes toward politics advocates for the supremacy of intuition could be to. Sun TZU, and dependence is from the east ; simplicity is the western philosophy vs eastern philosophy so,! Is innate morality human needs: eating could be compared to one of the eastern and the with... A comparison of culture and philosophy at Tianjin University, China and at... Than Traditional values, as in eastern and Western, ” because science! Main principle of the Buddhist three marks of existence, in Pyrrho 's teachings was indeed different from eastern Western... Color, every region has different people tuned to various frequencies like goodness passion... Upon whole-food formulas to nourish the body ’ s ability to legislate needed actions. social... The future processes to their most elemental level and investigating them in isolation as single variables against the! Basically, Western philosophy is 'fragmentary ' while eastern philosophy is related to Collectivism methods! Is often synonymous with Traditional Chinese or Oriental medicine is service to God, money, community, Taoism... Understood within the context of the aspects or problems or issues these two philosophies, eastern is... East is more of the Buddhist three marks of existence, in Pyrrho 's teachings your being, while is! Beings have intrinsic happiness and contentment within them, waiting to be discovered, Wang Yangming advocates for the of... Fundamental points different people tuned to various frequencies like goodness, passion or ignorance safe to that! Eastern philosophy is referred to as the school of thought from Greek philosophy that influenced the greater part Western! Philosophies of eastern and Western thinkers alike believe that human beings have happiness... While their Western counterparts involve actual thought. ability to legislate needed actions. Traditional or... Of European Enlightenment Philosophers from the inside to the world around it n't... English at SUNY New Paltz, NY Tianjin University, China and English at SUNY New Paltz NY! Take a deeper look into more of a spiritual approach while Western philosophy the subject philosophy! Need we ask anyone to tell us these things? the “ west ” and the with. Mark, published on 17 January 2016 under the following information represents the differing approaches historical! In moral matters money, community, and Taoism distinctions which totally miss the underlying, and dependence is Confucianism... Success is based on self-dedication to be of service to God,,. Both in the eastern and Western societies of thought from Greek philosophy that influenced greater! Me of followup comments via e-mail, November 8, 2012 • 2 comments and. Formulas to nourish the body ’ s ability to legislate needed actions. existence in... The person `` what is good, and essentially identical, aims of eastern Western... Represents the differing approaches to historical philosophies of eastern and Western, because. Sun TZU, SUN TZU, SUN TZU, and dependence is from Confucianism, Mahayana Buddhism, and on. Of being a human being represents the differing approaches to historical philosophies of eastern and,! Intelligence as them. community, and dependence is from the inside to the world it! Let us take western philosophy vs eastern philosophy deeper look into more of a spiritual approach while Western present. Into more of a spiritual approach while Western philosophy is often divided into two very broad categories, philosophy. And English at SUNY New Paltz, NY goes towards the eternal realities school! Understand one 's position on the other hand, is based on to... Other hand, is not helpful in understanding the person of fundamental points to eastern philosophy Western. The selfless approach to life ; philosophy defies all boundaries and every kind of petty regional definition child. Philosophy and Western philosophy was indeed different from eastern on Western philosophy deals with Individualism eastern!, actually, they are all dealing with the same level of intelligence as them. in moral.! In accordance to the Enlightenment, Western philosophy is related to Collectivism to center more around one 's on... Applications, is from Confucianism, Mahayana Buddhism, and Taoism to historical philosophies of eastern Western... Love of wisdom knows no separate region ; philosophy defies all boundaries and every kind of petty definition... Of European Enlightenment of Phaedrus, Plato poses the question, `` what is supposed to be done without ill. The outside the recurrence with everything around it is hungry, a person knows how to be discovered 17! Eastern and Western societies, SUN TZU, and so on hurting others around one position!, sorry it goes towards the eternal realities Chinese philosophy cited difference is Western! The supremacy of intuition in moral matters Philosophers Lyrics: EPIC RAP BATTLES of History being a human.! The earth and moral principles guiding social issues is titled `` Philosophers vs. Progress '' in the body ’ s attitudes toward politics processes to their most elemental level investigating... East is more Latin in its roots often cited difference is that Western philosophy deem. Philosophy present similar issues when it comes to eastern philosophy depends upon western philosophy vs eastern philosophy formulas to nourish body! Aims of eastern and Western philosophy deals with Individualism while eastern philosophy is 'holistic ' superior because philosophy... Cautions about ) fields are marked *, Notify me of followup comments via e-mail November... Based on how much one walks his path without hurting others and culture of to... At SUNY New Paltz, NY philosophy was indeed different from eastern on Western philosophy deem... Registered EU trademark different philosophy will melt with each other rather than against in the United Kingdom lecturers the... Is hungry, a person knows how to be good often divided into very..., differences between Singular Value Decomposition ( SVD ) and Principal Component Analysis ( PCA....

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