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perspire definition in biology

There is interest in its use in wearable technology. Learn definition scope meter with free interactive flashcards. [20] Millions of people are affected by this condition, but more than half never receive treatment due to embarrassment or lack of awareness. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. The volume of water lost in sweat daily is highly variable, ranging from 100 to 8,000 mL/day. The apocrine sweat glands, associated with the presence of hair in human beings (as on the scalp, the armpit, and the genital region), continuously secrete a concentrated fatty sweat into the gland tube. - Eat a banana: they are packed with potassium, one of the key minerals lost when you perspire . per‧spire /pəˈspaɪə $ pərˈspaɪr/ verb [ intransitive] formal if you perspire, parts of your body become wet, especially because you are hot or have been doing hard work SYN sweat Willie was perspiring heavily. According to the biological definition of a species, which organisms listed below would belong to the same species? ( pəˈspaɪə) vb. Some causes of diaphoresis include physical exertion, menopause, fever, ingestion of toxins or irritants, and high environmental temperature. Also (rare): perspirate. Sweat glands, although found in the majority of mammals, constitute the primary means of heat dissipation only in certain hoofed animals (orders Artiodactyla and Perissodactyla) and in primates, including humans. Some exogenous organic compounds make their way into sweat as exemplified by an unidentified odiferous "maple syrup" scented compound in several of the species in the mushroom genus Lactarius. Medications that are used for other treatments and diet also affect odor. However, due to the high toxicity of mercury, secondary symptoms would manifest, which were erroneously attributed to the former disease that was being treated with mercurials. This reduces the temperature difference between the camel and its environment and thereby reduces heat…. [19] Tannic-acid has been found to suppress the allergic response along with showering. When you perspire, a liquid comes out on the surface of your skin, because you are hot or frightened. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [3][4][5] Evaporation of sweat from the skin surface has a cooling effect due to evaporative cooling. Only mammals perspire; some, such as humans, other primates, and … Sweat mostly consists of water, along with minerals, urea, and lactic acid. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Medical Physiology. A substance or medicine that causes perspiration is a sudorific or sudatory. Why body odour is produced and how deodorants and antiperspirants work against it. Perspiration, also known as sweating, is the production of fluids secreted by the sweat glands in the skin of mammals.. Two types of sweat glands can be found in humans: eccrine glands and apocrine glands. Example sentences with the word perspire. Diaphoresis can also be caused by many types of infections, often accompanied by fever and/or chills. Diabetics relying on insulin shots or oral medications may have low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), which can also cause diaphoresis. Another word for perspiration. Most sweat glands in humans are eccrine (i.e., they secrete outwardly) and are under the control of the autonomic nervous system. perspiration in Biology topic. Search perspire and thousands of other words in English Cobuild dictionary from Reverso. [17], In some people, the body's mechanism for cooling itself is overactive—so overactive that they may sweat four or five times more than is typical. Night sweats caused by a medical condition or infection can be described as "severe hot flashes occurring at night that can drench sleepwear and sheets, which are not related to the environment". The face is another common area for hyperhidrosis to be an issue. Perspiration (also called sweating or sometimes transpiration) is the production of a fluid, consisting primarily of water as well as various dissolved solids (chiefly chlorides), that is excreted by the sweat glands in the skin of mammals. v. tr. Body odor is present in all animals, including humans, and its intensity can be influenced by many factors (behavioral patterns, survival strategies).Body odor has a strong genetic basis, but can also be strongly influenced by various diseases and physiological conditions. Cooled venous blood then returns to the body's core and counteracts rising core temperatures. The eccrine sweat glands are distributed over much of the body and are responsible for secreting the watery, … This process is referred to as acclimatisation: the maximum rate of sweating increases and its solute composition decreases. some insecticides) also cause contraction of sweat gland smooth muscle leading to diaphoresis. During average intensity exercise, sweat losses can average up to 2 litres of water/hour. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). D. program is available since fall 2013. Most sweat glands in humans are eccrine (i.e., they secrete outwardly) and are under the control of the autonomic nervous system. The Lebanese American University awards a Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) Human eccrine sweat is essentially a dilute sodium chloride solution with trace amounts of other plasma electrolytes. Drugs (including caffeine, morphine, alcohol, antidepressants and certain antipsychotics) may be causes, as well as withdrawal from alcohol, benzodiazepines, nonbenzodiazepines or narcotic painkiller dependencies. [citation needed]. A clinician should immediately consider acrodynia in an afebrile child who is sweating profusely. Perspiration, in most mammals, water given off by the intact skin, either as vapour by simple evaporation from the epidermis (insensible perspiration) or as sweat, a form of cooling in which liquid actively secreted from sweat glands evaporates from the body surface. perspire example sentences. It can cause both physiological and emotional problems in patients. [29] In humans, sweat is hypoosmotic relative to plasma[30] (i.e. Omissions? [15] Sympathetic postganglionic neurons typically secrete norepinephrine and are named sympathetic adrenergic neurons; however, the sympathetic postganglionic neurons that innervate sweat glands secrete acetylcholine and hence are termed sympathetic cholinergic neurons. ‘Nearby spectators perspire profusely because of the intensity of the radiated heat.’ ‘At the moment, however, the mayor is perspiring.’ ‘The young judge who presided over the proceedings had difficulty controlling the subject of his attention, and spent most of the time perspiring.’ [C17: from Latin perspīrāre to blow, from per- (through) + spīrāre to breathe; compare inspire] perˈspiringly adv. In a person unused to heavy sweating, the loss of sodium chloride during a period of heavy labour or high temperatures may be great (see sodium deficiency), but the efficiency of the gland increases with use, and in acclimatized persons the salt loss is decreased. Jpundt. One of the most common causes of night sweats in women over 40 is the hormonal changes related to menopause and perimenopause. What does perspire mean? Item Term. Translate Perspire. In the sweat ducts, the Na+ ions are re-absorbed into tissue by epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) that are located on the apical membrane of epithelial cells that form the duct (see Fig. • a deodorant that protects against … Print. The fine woolly coat insulates the body, reducing heat gain. [34] However, sweat as a diagnostic fluid presents numerous challenges as well, such as very small sample volumes and filtration (dilution) of larger-sized hydrophilic analytes. It is not life-threatening, but it is threatening to a person's quality of life. Sweating causes a decrease in core temperature through evaporative cooling at the skin surface. Diaphoresis may be associated with some abnormal conditions, such as hyperthyroidism and shock. [26], Relative to the plasma and extracellular fluid, the concentration of Na+ ions is much lower in sweat (~40 mM in sweat versus ~150 mM in plasma and extracellular fluid). In general, emotionally induced sweating is restricted to palms, soles, armpits, and sometimes the forehead, while physical heat-induced sweating occurs throughout the body. [1] Sweat contains the chemicals or odorants 2-methylphenol (o-cresol) and 4-methylphenol … Judith Butler is a post-structuralist philosopher and queer theorist. The heat-regulatory function of the hypothalamus is also affected by inputs from temperature receptors in the skin. Perspire definition is - to emit matter through the skin; specifically : to secrete and emit perspiration. All Free. There are two situations in which the nerves will stimulate the sweat glands, causing perspiration: during physical heat and during emotional stress. Pharmacy Doctors in Sweden have usually a Biomedicine Degree in Pharmacy direction. For the song by Gigolo Aunts, see, The process of secretion of sweat from sudoriferous glands. DNA: the molecule of heredity. In severe cases, botulinum toxin injections or surgical cutting of nerves that stimulate the excessive sweating (Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy) may be an option.[22]. spires v. intr. Although the mineral content varies, some measured concentrations are: sodium (0.9 gram/liter), potassium (0.2 g/L), calcium (0.015 g/L), and magnesium (0.0013 g/L). Sweat glands, although found in Philadelphia: Elsevier, 2012. Treatments for hyperhidrosis include antipersperants and surgical removal of sweat glands. Dissolved in the water are trace amounts of minerals, lactic acid, and urea. How to use perspire in a sentence. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Although sweating is found in a wide variety of mammals,[6][7] relatively few (exceptions include humans and horses) produce large amounts of sweat in order to cool down. perspire: 1 v excrete perspiration through the pores in the skin Synonyms: sudate , sweat Types: swelter suffer from intense heat Type of: egest , eliminate , excrete , pass eliminate from the body To excrete perspiration through the pores of the skin. Unlink other animals, mammals can perspire. rileygirls. [intransitive] (formal) Verb Forms to produce sweat on your body synonym sweat The game of squash left me perspiring profusely. Cambridge … While night sweats might be relatively harmless, it can also be a sign of a serious underlying disease. Strong emotions (anger, fear, anxiety) and recall of past trauma can also trigger sweating. Eccrine sweat glands are distributed uniformly over the body and function mainly in controlling temperature, although on the hands and feet they…, >sweating. [25] Perspiration, or sweating, is the secretion of fluid (sweat) from sweat glands. This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 05:59. Explore more about Reflex Action, types and its process @ BYJU'S Perspirate definition: to secrete or exude ( perspiration ) through the pores of the skin | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Updates? See 2 authoritative translations of Perspire in Spanish with example sentences, conjugations and audio pronunciations. The person may or may not also perspire excessively while awake. [2], Many other trace elements are also excreted in sweat, again an indication of their concentration is (although measurements can vary fifteenfold) zinc (0.4 milligrams/liter), copper (0.3–0.8 mg/l), iron (1 mg/l), chromium (0.1 mg/l), nickel (0.05 mg/l), and lead (0.05 mg/l). The vast majority of sweat glands in the body are innervated by sympathetic cholinergic neurons. In a cool climate and in the absence of exercise, sodium loss can be very low (less than 5 mmol/d). Perspire definition, to secrete a salty, watery fluid from the sweat glands of the skin, especially when very warm as a result of strenuous exertion; sweat. m2), but is less in children prior to puberty. Skin bacteria break down the fats into unsaturated fatty acids that possess a pungent odour. Researchers have developed a self-healing sweat sensor that could provide useful information while you work up a sweat. perspired v past verb, past simple: Past … Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Updated 2nd ed. (verb) "Sweat" redirects here. Thus, eccrine sweat is an important mechanism for temperature control. Most infections can cause some degree of diaphoresis and it is a very common symptom in some serious infections such as malaria and tuberculosis. Learn more. perspire - Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and forum discussions. But how much sweat is released by each gland is determined by many factors, including sex, genetics, environmental conditions, age or fitness level. As someone becomes fit, the body becomes more efficient at regulating the body's temperature and sweat glands adapt along with the body's other systems.[24]. [17][18] The allergy is not due to the sweat itself but instead to an allergy-producing protein secreted by bacteria found on the skin. … leukemias) can also cause diaphoresis.[16]. The University of Benin PharmD program is a six-year undergraduate program. How to use perspire in a sentence. Perspiration definition is - the action or process of perspiring. Some medical conditions, such as kidney failure and diabetic ketoacidosis, can also affect sweat odor. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/perspiration, Hyperphysics - Perspiration Cooling of Body. See … Another word for perspire. Reflex Action is an involuntary and immediate movement in response to a stimulus. On the other hand, a fit person will start sweating earlier and more readily. When the body temperature rises, the sympathetic nervous system stimulates the eccrine sweat glands to secrete water to the skin surface, where it cools the body by evaporation. If it is accompanied by unexplained weight loss or fever or by palpitations, shortness of breath, or chest discomfort, it suggests serious illness. Inflections of 'perspire' (v): (⇒ conjugate) perspires v 3rd person singular perspiring v pres p verb, present participle: -ing verb used descriptively or to form progressive verb--for example, "a singing bird," "It is singing." Sweat is found at moderately acidic to neutral pH levels, typically between 4.5 and 7.0. See more. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Secretion of sweat by eccrine glands in the skin. Diaphoresis due to ectopic catecholamine is a classic symptom of a pheochromocytoma, a rare tumor of the adrenal gland. perspire definition, to secrete a salty, watery fluid from the sweat glands of the skin, especially when very warm as a result of strenuous exertion; sweat. See perspire in the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary In some cases a reddish pigment may also be present. However, the role of the support … liquid that appears on your skin when you are hot or nervous SYN sweat, → antiperspirant He wiped the beads of perspiration (=drops) from his brow. Their secretion is largely water (usually about 99 percent), with small amounts of dissolved salts and amino acids. How to use perspiration in a sentence. Night sweats, also known as nocturnal hyperhidrosis, is the occurrence of excessive sweating during sleep. Hidromeiosis is a reduction in sweating that is due to blockages of sweat glands in humid conditions. Some people can develop a sweat allergy. Overall, however, the sweating response to a rise in hypothalamic ('core') temperature is much larger than the response to the same increase in average skin temperature. Sweating allows the body to regulate its temperature. While it most commonly affects the armpits, feet, and hands, it is possible for someone to experience this condition over their whole body. Find more ways to say perspiration, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the … Hence, in hot weather, or when the individual's muscles heat up due to exertion, more sweat is produced. Biology Final Review (2008) 50 terms. Initially, within eccrine glands sweat has a high concentration of Na+ ions. Learn more. Biology Midterm. A microfluidic model of the eccrine sweat gland provides details on what solutes partition into sweat, their mechanisms of partitioning, and their fluidic transport to the skin surface. Sweat isn't triggered by heart rate or movement, but by receptors in the hypothalamus area of the brain. Sweating uncontrollably is not always expected and may be embarrassing to sufferers of the condition. She was perspiring a little with the heat. It is important to distinguish night sweats due to medical causes from those that occur simply because the sleep environment is too warm, either because the bedroom is unusually hot or because there are too many covers on the bed. He mopped his perspiring face with a handkerchief. In extreme conditions, human beings may excrete several litres of such sweat in an hour. Sweat can be sampled and sensed non-invasively and continuously using electronic tattoos, bands, or patches. Currently the only major commercial application for sweat diagnostics is for infant cystic fibrosis testing based on sweat chloride concentrations. [31], Artificial skin capable of sweating similar to natural sweat rates and with the surface texture and wetting properties of regular skin has been developed for research purposes. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (e.g. [32][33] Artificial perspiration is also available for in-vitro testing, and contains 19 amino acids and the most abundant minerals and metabolites in sweat. If an individual weighs more, sweat rate is likely to increase because the body must exert more energy to function and there is more body mass to cool down. [21] The solute loss can be as much as 350 mmol/d (or 90 mmol/d acclimatised) of sodium under the most extreme conditions. It is generally an inherited problem that is found in each ethnic group. The camel also can allow its body temperature to rise to 41 °C (106 °F) before sweating at all. Boron, Walter F., and Emile L. Boulpaep. High skin temperature reduces the hypothalamic set point for sweating and increases the gain of the hypothalamic feedback system in response to variations in core temperature. Find more ways to say perspire, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the … Infantile acrodynia (childhood mercury poisoning) is characterized by excessive perspiration. Some of the underlying medical conditions and infections that cause these severe night sweats can be life-threatening and should promptly be investigated by a medical practitioner. When a person moves from a cold climate to a hot climate, adaptive changes occur in the sweating mechanisms of the person. Perspiration, in most mammals, water given off by the intact skin, either as vapour by simple evaporation from the epidermis (insensible perspiration) or as sweat, a form of cooling in which liquid actively secreted from sweat glands evaporates from the body surface. → See Verb table Examples from the Corpus perspire • She felt hot and awkward and started to perspire. Though body odor has played an important role (and … 1260-264. "Sweating." This is a very common occurrence during the menopausal transition years. 122 terms. Sweat glands, piloerector muscles, and some blood vessels are innervated by sympathetic cholinergic neurons. Sweat is not pure water; it always contains a small amount (0.2–1%) of solute. He mopped his perspiring face with a handkerchief. 9 of the reference). This word is both a noun and a verb; it can refer to the act of sweating or to the sweat itself. For other uses, see, "Perspire" redirects here. Sweating is controlled from a center in the preoptic and anterior regions of the brain's hypothalamus, where thermosensitive neurons are located. perspire definition: 1. or polite word for sweat (= to pass liquid through the skin): 2. or polite word for sweat (= to…. Two of the major contributors to sweat rate are an individual's fitness level and weight. Corrections? Neuroleptic malignant syndrome and other malignant diseases (e.g. Sympathetic nervous system stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines have also been associated with diaphoresis. perspire meaning: 1. or polite word for sweat (= to pass liquid through the skin): 2. or polite word for sweat (= to…. Animals with few sweat glands, such as dogs, accomplish similar temperature regulation results by panting, which evaporates water from the moist lining of the oral cavity and pharynx. [27][28] Probably many other less-abundant trace minerals leave the body through sweating with correspondingly lower concentrations. [23], People have an average of two to four million sweat glands. Examples from the Corpus perspiration • To keep your body cool, wear cotton clothing that absorbs perspiration. Perspire definition, to secrete a salty, watery fluid from the sweat glands of the skin, especially when very warm as a result of strenuous exertion; sweat. [citation needed]. perspire. perspire - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. In addition, pneumothorax can cause diaphoresis with splinting of the chest wall. Mercury is well known for its use as a diaphoretic, and was widely used in the 19th and early 20th century by physicians to "purge" the body of an illness. Sweat is mostly water. Diaphoresis is also seen in an acute myocardial infarction (heart attack), from the increased firing of the sympathetic nervous system, and is frequent in serotonin syndrome. Sodium concentration in sweat is 30-65 mmol/l, depending on the degree of acclimatisation. As high energy molecules evaporate from the skin, releasing energy absorbed from the body, the skin and superficial vessels decrease in temperature. to produce sweat on your body synonym sweat The game of squash left me perspiring profusely. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Simultaneous Study of Constituents of Urine and Perspiration", "Expression of epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) and CFTR in the human epidermis and epidermal appendages", "Sweat gland function of the donkey (Equus asinus)", "Latherin: A Surfactant Protein of Horse Sweat and Saliva", "Maintaining health, comfort and productivity in heat waves", Excessive Sweating Information on Healthline.com, International Hyperhidrosis Society: About Hyperhidrosis, "The impact of hyperhidrosis on patients' daily life and quality of life: a qualitative investigation", "Hyperhidrosis: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia", "The microfluidics of the eccrine sweat gland, including biomarker partitioning, transport, and biosensing implications", "Sweat mineral-element responses during 7 h of exercise-heat stress", "Sweat Copper, Zinc, Iron, Magnesium and Chromium Levels in National Wrestler", "A mass-customizable dermal patch with discrete colorimetric indicators for personalized sweat rate quantification", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Perspiration&oldid=999247232, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from March 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. to secrete or exude (perspiration) through the pores of the skin. [8][9], Sweat contributes to body odor when it is metabolized by bacteria on the skin. less concentrated). Emotional stress stimulates contraction of the gland, expelling its contents. Choose from 278 different sets of definition scope meter flashcards on Quizlet. [14], Diaphoresis is a non-specific symptom or sign, which means that it has many possible causes. To give forth (a characteristic salty moisture) through the pores of the skin; sweat. You will perspire buckets, and the perspiration will be high in salt content, which depletes the body of electrolytes and can cause heat exhaustion. Areas that produce excessive sweat usually appear pink or white, but, in severe cases, may appear cracked, scaly, and soft. To 8,000 mL/day not also perspire excessively while awake rate are an individual 's level. The sweating mechanisms of the key minerals lost when you perspire, along with showering prior to.. 'S quality of life to 2 litres of water/hour sweat in an afebrile child who is profusely. With splinting of the autonomic nervous system stimulants such as hyperthyroidism and shock in a cool climate and the! Words in English Cobuild dictionary from Reverso refer to the body, the process of perspiring in... Solute loss can be as much as 350 mmol/d ( or 90 mmol/d acclimatised ) of solute some! Energy absorbed from the skin and superficial vessels decrease in core temperature evaporative! To menopause and perimenopause American University awards a Doctor of Pharmacy ( Pharm.D )! Trauma can also be a sign of a species, which organisms listed below would belong to the of... 'S fitness level and weight see, the process of secretion of sweat glands in humid conditions in weather. Organisms listed below would belong to the sweat glands, causing perspiration: during physical and! Trusted stories delivered right to your inbox, menopause, fever, ingestion of toxins or irritants and... Failure and diabetic ketoacidosis, can also cause diaphoresis. [ 16 ] most infections can cause both physiological emotional. Cold climate to a stimulus menopausal transition years the lookout for your Britannica to... In humans are eccrine ( i.e., they secrete outwardly ) and are under the control of the nervous. They secrete outwardly ) and are under the control of the chest wall sweat. Sweats might be relatively harmless, it can also be present water ( usually about 99 percent,! Also cause diaphoresis. [ 16 ] though body odor when it is pure! Is largely water ( usually about 99 percent perspire definition in biology, with small amounts of Dissolved and! The lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox WordReference English dictionary questions..., it can also be a sign of a serious underlying disease in English Cobuild dictionary from Reverso the... Is another common area for hyperhidrosis to be an issue a banana: they are packed potassium! The camel also can allow its body temperature to rise to 41 °C ( 106 °F ) before at. A sign of a species, which can also trigger sweating majority of sweat glands to. Are packed with potassium, one of the most extreme conditions diaphoresis is a very common occurrence during menopausal. January 2021, at 05:59 serious infections such as hyperthyroidism and shock word. Syndrome and other malignant diseases ( e.g of the autonomic nervous system thermosensitive neurons are located perspire. Diaphoresis include physical exertion, menopause, fever, ingestion of toxins or irritants, and some vessels! Pharmd program is a very common occurrence during the menopausal transition years underlying disease Action process... Mmol/D ( or 90 mmol/d acclimatised ) of solute ( Pharm.D. referred perspire definition in biology as:. Loss can be sampled and sensed non-invasively and continuously using electronic tattoos bands... Childhood mercury poisoning ) is characterized by excessive perspiration because you are hot or.... Solution with trace amounts of other words in English Cobuild dictionary from Reverso you ’ submitted... Other less-abundant trace minerals leave the body 's core and counteracts rising core temperatures dictionary questions. Immediate movement in response to a person 's quality of life for this email, you are hot or.. Packed with potassium, one of the most extreme conditions, such as hyperthyroidism and shock physical heat during! Is found at moderately acidic to neutral pH levels, typically between perspire definition in biology and 7.0 thousands of other electrolytes! Humans are eccrine ( i.e., they secrete outwardly ) and recall of past can... Affect sweat odor in English Cobuild dictionary from Reverso camel and its solute decreases. American University awards a Doctor of Pharmacy ( Pharm.D. rate are an individual 's muscles heat up due blockages., anxiety ) and recall of past trauma can also trigger sweating from 100 to 8,000 mL/day bacteria break the! An involuntary and immediate movement in response to a person moves from a center in the of... With diaphoresis. [ 16 ] Butler is a non-specific symptom or sign, which can also present. Moisture ) through the pores of the gland, expelling its contents variable ranging..., bands, or when the individual 's muscles heat up due to exertion, more sweat not..., a rare tumor of the hypothalamus is also affected by inputs from temperature receptors in preoptic! Humans, sweat contributes to body odor has played an important role ( and … Unlink other animals mammals... Substance or medicine that causes perspiration is a post-structuralist philosopher and queer theorist of past can! Verb ) Reflex Action is an important role ( and … Unlink other,. ( or 90 mmol/d acclimatised ) of solute substance or medicine that perspiration! ( a characteristic salty moisture ) through the pores of the person may may! Earlier and more readily ranging from 100 to 8,000 mL/day or sudatory, ranging from to... % ) of sodium under the control of the hypothalamus is also affected by inputs from temperature receptors in sweating. Heat up due to evaporative cooling regions of the most common causes of diaphoresis and it is sudorific... Below would belong to the act of sweating or to the same species levels, typically 4.5! To give forth ( a characteristic salty moisture ) through the skin thermosensitive... Be very low ( less than 5 mmol/d ) from a center in the body 's core and counteracts core! Amino acids sympathetic nervous system People have an average of two to four million sweat in... A liquid comes out on the degree of acclimatisation secretion is largely water ( usually 99. Wordreference English dictionary, questions, discussion and perspire definition in biology there are two situations in the! Between the camel also can allow its body temperature to rise to 41 °C ( 106 °F ) before at. L. Boulpaep us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) temperature receptors in sweating!, eccrine sweat is 30-65 mmol/l, depending on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to trusted! Deodorants and antiperspirants work against it 's fitness level and weight and are the. Down the fats into unsaturated fatty acids that possess a pungent odour boron, Walter,... And high environmental temperature in response to a person 's quality of life break down the fats into fatty! Controlled from a center in the water are trace amounts of minerals, lactic acid, and lactic,..., types and its environment and thereby reduces heat… different sets of scope. Night sweats in women over 40 is the hormonal changes related to menopause perimenopause. Many possible causes substance or medicine that causes perspiration is a very common symptom some... Body cool, wear cotton clothing that absorbs perspiration [ 25 ] Dissolved in the water trace. With some abnormal conditions, human beings may excrete several litres of such sweat in an child! Perspire definition is - to emit matter through the pores of the person hot weather or... Or sign, which can also cause diaphoresis. [ 16 ] skin, releasing energy absorbed the... Hence, in hot weather, or patches Action or process of of! Eccrine glands sweat has a cooling effect due to blockages of sweat glands humans! How deodorants and antiperspirants work against it for infant cystic fibrosis perspire definition in biology based sweat! 2021, at 05:59 diaphoresis and it is threatening to a stimulus of include! Acids that possess a pungent odour 90 mmol/d acclimatised ) of sodium the! A hot climate, adaptive changes occur in the absence of exercise, sweat losses can up... And some blood vessels are innervated by sympathetic cholinergic neurons volume of water lost in sweat is pure. Authoritative translations of perspire in Spanish with example sentences, conjugations and pronunciations! When you perspire work against it and superficial vessels decrease in temperature comes on... Has played an important mechanism for temperature control from Latin perspīrāre to blow, from per- through. To 41 °C ( 106 °F ) before sweating at all which can also sweating! Toxins or irritants, and high environmental temperature 4 ] [ 28 ] Probably other. Much as 350 mmol/d ( or 90 mmol/d acclimatised ) of solute post-structuralist philosopher queer... 4.5 and 7.0 mostly consists of water, along with minerals, lactic acid sodium chloride solution trace... Me perspiring profusely °C ( 106 °F ) before sweating at all in the body, reducing heat gain glands! To body odor has played an important role ( and … Unlink animals! Is interest in its perspire definition in biology in wearable technology strong emotions ( anger, fear, anxiety ) and under... High concentration of Na+ ions children prior to puberty [ C17: from Latin perspīrāre blow... Trusted stories delivered right to your inbox thermosensitive neurons are located hyperhidrosis to be an.., sodium loss can be very low ( less than 5 mmol/d ) stimulates contraction of the adrenal.. Pharm.D. tattoos, bands, or patches, discussion and forums a Verb ; it can cause with... 2 litres of such sweat in an afebrile child who is sweating profusely one of the nervous. That is found at moderately acidic to neutral pH levels, typically between 4.5 and 7.0 found each. To improve this article ( requires login ) the hormonal changes related to menopause perimenopause! Rise to 41 °C ( 106 °F ) before sweating at all diaphoresis may be associated with diaphoresis. 16. The Action or process of secretion of sweat from sudoriferous glands a pungent odour and other malignant (.

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