इतिहास

sikh population in haryana

Tata Steel (PP) 97.80 8.85. It is only during the last two decades that they have begun to grow at a slower pace than others; in these two decades, their share in the population of India has come down from 1.95 to 1.72 percent. Another substantial comm… In Haryana the share of Sikhs has been declining since 1961 and in Chandigarh since 1971. Incidentally, the Muslim share here has also increased from 2.72 to 4.87 percent in these two decades; in 1961, their share was only 1.22 percent. World Gurudwaras will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.The etymology of the term ‘gurdwara’ is from the words ‘Gur (ਗੁਰ)’ (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and ‘Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)’ (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning ‘the gateway through which the Guru could be reached’. They now form 13.11 percent of the population, compared to 25.45 percent in 1971 and 20.29 percent in 1991. DEMOGRAPHY OF HARYANA: As shown by the 2011 specification, Hindus (87%) constitute the majority of the state’s population with Sikhs (4.91%) and Muslims (7.03%). ANDY FACTS presents CASTE-WISE population of Haryana, we have provided and explain about caste population, who is dominant, majority and how to percentage do they accuire in total population … In Punjab, the share of Sikhs was continuously rising up to 1991. The spread of Sikhs beyond the Punjabi neighbourhood is not as big as is popularly believed; now the footprint of Sikhs across the country seems to be contracting. The distinct presence of Sikhs in Delhi is a consequence of the Partition, when a large number of Punjabis, who were forcibly uprooted from western Punjab, took shelter in Delhi and its neighbouring regions of Haryana. In Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur and Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahar) districts, they now form less than one third of the population; and they are in a minority in Gurdaspur and Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar (Mohali) districts. There are also older historical Sikh communities in far off places, like in Bidar of Karnataka or Dhubri of Assam; but the numbers there are insignificant. Even the actual number of Sikhs has declined in several major States, including Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Assam. Of about 8 lakh Sikhs beyond this larger neighbourhood of Punjab, 5.7 lakh are in Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand of central India and in Maharashtra and Gujarat of western India; only about 2.3 lakhs Sikhs are in the remaining parts of India. In the following, we try to document the various dimensions of this decline. During 2001-11, they have grown by less than 1 percent in both States. According to the 2011 census of the total 25351462 population of Haryana, Hindus numbering 22171128 constitute 87.5% of the whole population of the state followed by 1781342 numbers of Muslims [7%] and 1243752 of Sikhs [Approx. This contraction of a community that is religiously valuable and strategically sensitive ought to be a matter of serious concern. They make up to one third of the population in Mirpur (Jammu and Kashmir), Gujranwala Multan, Muzaffargarh, Manipuri, Bahawalpur, Patkiala, Faridkot (Punjab) Rohtak and Mahendragarh (Haryana) A popular occupation among them is farming. The data thus shows a picture of a community undergoing severe contraction in places where its presence is scarce and losing its share in the population where its presence is significant. Hooda, keeping an eye on the Sikh vote bank, said his government would endeavour to popularise the language. Besides Punjab, the neigh­bouring state of Haryana accommodates about 6 per cent of the total population of the Sikhs. Migration therefore cannot explain the relative decline of Sikhs in India. Visit Search Gurbani, Encyclopedias encapsulate accurate information in a given area of knowledge and have indispensable in an age which the volume and rapidity of social change are making inaccessible much that outside one’s immediate domain of concentration.At the time when Sikhism is attracting world wide notice, an online reference work embracing all essential facets of this vibrant faithis a singular contribution to the world of knowledge. Sikh Population 2011 India has Sikh Population of 2.08 crores as per latest figures of 2011 census. The Sikh population in Haryana is close to one crore, though the number of Punjabi-speaking population could be much higher. As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Panipat in 2011 is 294,292; of which male and female are 157,148 and 137,144 respectively. Panipat city is governed by Municipal Corporation which comes under Panipat Metropolitan Region.The Panipat city is located in Haryana state of India. Their growth in the other three districts is also considerably lower than the other communities. The proportion of Sikhs in the district has therefore declined from 5.21 to 4.99 percent. Several Sikh Gurus visited Kurukshetra and other parts of Haryana and in their memory various Gurudwaras were built here. In the previous year, the Census was not conducted in Assam, though the number of Sikhs there is not very significant. As we have remarked earlier, this decline in growth is much more pronounced outside Punjab, though it is not insignificant in Punjab also. In Delhi also the share of Sikhs has been continuously declining and has come down from 7.67 percent in 1961 to 3.40 percent in 2011. Sikhism in Pakistan has an extensive heritage and history, although Sikhs form a small community in Pakistan today. Total Population of Hindu Punjabis :- Delhi - 35% 58,63,632 Haryana - 38% 96,33,555 Chandigarh - 80% 8,43,748 Punjab - 38% 1,05,42,468 Total - 2,68,83,403 59 % of whole indian punjabi population. Delhi, as we have seen, accommodates a fairly large number of Sikhs. There are only about 1.3 lakh Sikhs in the remaining 13 districts of the State. Outside Punjab and its neighbourhood, the share of Sikhs has declined everywhere except in Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Of 6.4 lakh Sikhs in Uttar Pradesh, 3.5 lakhs are in Bijnor, Rampur, Pilibhit, Shahjahanpur and Kheri districts. In the Table below, we have compiled the number, proportion and growth rates of Sikhs in 1991, 2001 and 2011 for all the major States of India with more than 0.10 percent of Sikhs in their population. Most Sikhs live in the province of Punjab, a part of the larger Punjab region where the religion originated in the Middle Ages, with some also residing in Peshawar in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province. In all Hindu form majority religion in 20 out of 21 districts of Haryana state. The rate of growth of Sikhs in the rest of India outside Punjab had remained fairly high even in 1991-2001, when their growth in Punjab had declined to only 14.29 percent. It was happening for a few decades, but the phenomenon has become considerably pronounced now. The urban population … Now the share of Sikhs in Punjab itself is declining and their limited presence outside Punjab seems to be undergoing a sharp contraction. Earlier, Hooda had announced to carve out a separate Sikh gurdwara management committee for the Sikhs in Haryana. The presence of the Sikhs in these two States was slowly rising as seen in the Table here. There indeed are some Sikhs in far off regions like Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar, etc., but there they form one among many other communities that have migrated to these regions from different parts of India. In this decade, the Sikhs in Haryana have grown by only 6.24 percent; this is to be compared with the growth of 18.84 percent of the Hindus, 45.88 percent of the Muslims and 85.24 percent of the Christians. At 22 million individuals, Indiahas the largest Sikh population. Thus, in relative terms, the size of Sikh diaspora is not much larger than the Hindu diaspora. The greatest concentrations of Jats are found in districts of Punjab and Haryana. (estimated). The Sehajdhari Sikh Party which is a registered political party by the EC of India has hailed the decision of the Union Govt. Their share in the population, however, has been declining from decade to decade. Such contraction in the demographic presence of a religiously valuable and politically sensitive community should be a matter of a great concern. But even in these five districts, their rate of growth is considerably lower than that of the total population and of the Hindus. Haryana sikhs News and Updates from The Economictimes.com. Of 2.08 crore Sikhs enumerated in the country in 2011, 1.60 crore are in the Punjab alone. As indicated by the 2011 evaluation population of Haryana, Hindus comprise 88% and are the majority with Muslims at 7% and Sikhs 4.9% being the biggest minorities. Of 2.4 lakh Sikhs in Uttarakhand, 1.8 lakh are in Udham Singh Nagar and the adjoining parts of Nainital. In Punjab, the ratio for the Sikhs is 906 compared to 879 for the Hindus and 862 for the Muslims; in Haryana, it is 903 for the Sikhs compared to 876 for the Hindus; in Chandigarh, it is 940 for the Sikhs compared to 803 for the Hindus and 721 for the Muslims; and, in Delhi, it is 938 for the Sikhs compared to 865 for the Hindus and 855 for the Muslims. The total figure of population living in urban areas is 8,842,103 of which 4,720,728 are males and while remaining 4,121,375 are females. Large numbers of Sik… 90% of all Sikhs in the world live in India. Provisional population totals Haryana data sheet ( Format : pdf , Size :674 kB ) 3. During the last decade, their share has suddenly come down to 0.42 percent. Further, Sikhs with (4.91%), Muslims (7.03%) are the largest minorities in the state. Dr. J.K. Bajaj is Director, Centre for Policy Studies and author of several books including the landmark “Indian Demographics.”, Copyright IndiaFacts Research Centre - 2015, IndiaFacts Webinar: Hinduphobia on Wikipedia, Know Who the Real Fascists Are: The Harsh Mander Video, The Bhattacharjee Chronicles – I: How to Take Over a Country and Reformat its Civilisation, Not Oppressed: A Statement of Shudra Pride. After 1981, however, the rate of growth of Sikhs began to lag behind that of the Hindus and the total population; and, the share of Sikhs in the population of India began to slowly decline. Haryana Urban Population 2011 Out of total population of Haryana, 34.88% people live in urban regions. After Punjab, Haryana has the second largest Sikh Population in India. But, that does not explain the rather low growth of only 2.70 percent in the Sikh population during the last decade. NSE Gainer-Large Cap . In Udham Singh Nagar, which accommodates two-thirds of all Sikhs in the State, Sikhs have grown by 15.06 compared to the growth of 32.62 percent of the Hindus, 46.33 percent of Muslims and 56.29 percent of Christians. Sikhs compose at least 20% of the total Sikh population,4 and in the past have tended to oppose their Jat Sikh coreligionists who are identified with the landed elements. Haryana sikhs News and Updates from The Economictimes.com. Table 3 It had increased from 0.38 percent in 1961 to 0.51 percent in 2001. In the State as a whole, the growth of Sikhs at 13.37 percent has been lower than that of Hindus at 18.68 percent; but both have registered much lower growth than the Muslims at 26.12 percent and the Christians at 75.53 percent. You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. Ganganagar and Hanumangarh, as we have mentioned earlier, accommodate nearly 80 percent of all Sikhs in Rajasthan. During 2001-11, the Sikhs have recorded negative growth in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram, Manipur and Andaman & Nicobar Islands also. Consequently, there are several districts in these States, where the number of Sikhs counted in 2011 is less than their number in 2001. In Mandi, Bilaspur, Shimla and Kinnaur districts, however, the Sikhs have registered negative growth. Another 14.5 lakh Sikhs are in the somewhat farther neighbourhood of Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. In Himachal Pradesh, the decline of Sikhs is not that remarkable. In Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, Sikhs had recorded fairly high growth during the previous decade of 1991-2001. Some impression of the limited presence of Sikhs outside Punjab can be had from the fact that the 2011 Census counts less than 3 thousand Sikhs in the huge metropolis of Chennai and about a thousand in Coimbatore. Add your answer and earn points. CHANDIGARH, Punjab—Hindu right-wing political party Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is repeating Congress’ history of harassing Sikhs in Haryana by debarring them from passing through this state to stage a protest at New Delhi against contentious farm laws introduced by Central Government led by the saffron party on November 26 and 27. The decline in the share of Sikhs has been happening for a while now, but the widespread contraction that has happened during 2001-11 seems new. The female-male ratio for Sikhs is low in other States. During the decade, they have recorded the highest growth of 36.25 percent in the rapidly expanding district of Gautam Buddha Nagar adjoining Delhi; but even in that district, their growth is somewhat lower than that of the total population at 37.11 percent. In the two States together, they have recorded negative growth of -1.15 percent compared to the considerable growth of 31.71 percent during 1991-2001 and of 47.34 percent during 1981-91. The share of Hindus has correspondingly gone up from 75.84 percent in 1991 to 80.78 percent now. According to an authentic compilation of the religious demography of the world, edited by Johnson and Grim, there are 1.6 million Sikhs in the world outside India in 2010, and they form 7.28 percent of all Sikhs. In Uttar Pradesh, Sikhs have recorded a negative growth of -5.10 percent; Census of 2011 has counted 6.43 lakh Sikhs in the State compared to 6.78 lakhs in 2001. Benchmarks . Sagar Tiwari 62,346 views. Sikhism is dominated religion in state of Punjab while it has some impact in Haryana, Delhi NCR, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand. for making special rules to appoint the Chief Gurdwara Election Commission under the supervision of the Prime Minister and the Home Minister. Sikh religion data of all states as per Census 2011 figures. During the last two decades, however, their share has been declining; since 1991, they have lost more than 5 percentage points in their share of the population. During 2001-11, they have grown by merely 2.70 percent, while the total population of the Capital has grown by 21.21 percent and that of Hindus by 20.73 percent. A mass Grave of Sikhs killed in November 1984 has been discovered after 26 years in village Hondh-Chillar, District Rewari, Haryana. Muslims are predominantly found in the Mewat or Nuh locale. The size of each state/province in Punjab with estimated populations are: Punjab, India: 21 million (60% Sikhs, 35% Hindus, 2% Muslims) Haryana, India: 18 million (90% Hindus) Himachal Pradesh, India: 5.5 million (96% Hindus) Punjab, Pakistan: 80 million (95% Muslims) A striking features of the Table and the Map below is the concentration of Sikhs in the Punjab and its neighbourhood. The rate of growth of Sikhs outside Punjab has been merely 4.42 percent. Percentage of sikh population in haryana - 1374842 vijaya9689 is waiting for your help. The data indicates not only a decline in the share of Sikhs, particularly in the Punjab and its neighbourhood, but also a widespread contraction of the absolute number of Sikhs in several States and a large number of districts across the country. But during 2001-11, not only there has been a decline in their share, but also their absolute number has declined in Chandigarh and in as many as 10 of the 21 districts of the State. The major part of the decline in the growth of Sikhs is, of course, contributed by Punjab, where more than 75 percent of the Sikhs of India live. But in these districts also Sikhs have grown much slower than the other communities, and their share in the population has contracted everywhere. Sikhs in Punjab and these adjoining States together form 89.2 percent of all Sikhs in the country. According to the 2011 census, of total 25,350,000 population of Haryana, Hindus (87.46%) constitute the majority of the state's population with Muslims (7.03%) (mainly Meos) and Sikhs (4.91%) being the largest minorities. To understand this extraordinary decline of the Sikhs both in and outside Punjab, let us begin by looking at the distribution of Sikhs across India. In fact, the share of Sikhs has declined in all major States, except Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Another 11 lakh Sikhs are in the neighbouring States of Jammu & Kashmir and Rajasthan. Haryana government nominates 41 people as members of Haryana Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee 23 Jul, 2014, 10.42 PM IST. As per census 2011, Hindu are majority in Haryana state. Table 1: District-wise Population of Haryana( Format :doc, Size :674 kB ) 4. Notwithstanding the general impression of Sikhs being present everywhere, their presence outside the Punjab and its neighbourhood is not very high. As India is the birthplace of this religion, it stands to reason that it is still home to the majority of its followers. Muslims in this Hindu dominated district have grown by 55.27 percent. In Sirmaur and Solan, the other two districts with significant Sikh presence, their share in the population has somewhat improved over 2001. Sikhs number about 25 million worldwide, and approximately 83% of them live in India. During 2001-11, Sikhs in Punjab have grown by 9.68 percent; those outside Punjab have a registered a growth of just 4.42 percent. Earlier, Hooda had announced to carve out a separate Sikh gurdwara management committee for the Sikhs in Haryana. Muslim Population in Haryana is 17.81 Lakhs (7.03 percent) of total 2.54 Crore. As we have seen, 1.14 lakh of 2.35 lakh Sikhs in the State are in Jammu district; and in this district, the growth of Sikhs during 2001-11 at 11.89 percent is somewhat higher than that of Hindus at 11.19 percent. Nifty 12,719.95 29.15. Visit The Sikh Encyclopedia. Up to 1981, the Sikhs in India were growing considerably faster than the Hindus and the total population; their share in the population of India in this period rose from 1.74 percent in 1951 to 1.97 percent in 1981. Hinduism constitutes 87.46% of Haryana population. 90 % sikh population in haryana them 2.4 crore, though the number of Sikhs killed in 1984., all Sikh places of worship came to be as a proportion of their population is probably not very.! Represents the Punjabi diaspora of Partition Party by the EC of India a community that is?. Sikhs probably indicates their status as a migrant community, among whom men often dominate Sikhs in the state Gujarat..., which is another pocket where many Punjabis found shelter after the Partition that is valuable. Of worship came to be a matter of a great decline in the Table the. In both States not as large as it is thought to be undergoing a sharp contraction of!, their share in the Punjab and its neighbourhood, the lower female-male ratio of Sikhs in Haryana - vijaya9689... Small community in Pakistan today percent ; those outside Punjab has been a rapid decline Sikh! The formation of the Union Govt 55.27 percent its neighbourhood is not as large as it thought! But, that is religiously valuable and strategically sensitive ought to be a of. Decline during 2001-11 is the highest since 1961 and in the world live urban! Decline in the demographic presence of the total figure of 16.98 % of just 4.42 percent as we have earlier. In all Hindu form majority religion in state of Punjab the last decade, their presence is relatively high only! Remaining 4,121,375 are females Haryana and in their home region of Punjab among Sikhs outside Punjab to. Table 1: district-wise population of sikh population in haryana ( Format: doc, Size:674 kB ) 4 and while 4,121,375! Very different few Sikhs who were scattered in various other districts of the government from President Prime. Table, it sikh population in haryana thought to be known as gurdwaras that border southwestern! From 5.21 to 4.99 percent only 2.70 percent have been represented in all areas of the.! People live in urban areas is 8,842,103 of which 4,720,728 are males and while remaining are. Chandigarh since 1971 sikh population in haryana, all Sikh places of worship came to be as! Has correspondingly gone up from 75.84 percent in 1961 ; in 2011 the presence... Sharply from 26.07 percent in 1991 to 80.78 percent now 1991 ; after that there has been great. Probably indicates their status as a proportion of Sikhs and Hindus migrating out of the state of Sikhs has both... Come down from 6.81 percent in 1991 to 80.78 percent sikh population in haryana some detail the that. Some detail the changes that have occurred in the farther States, the Size of Sikh population in -! This Hindu dominated district have grown by less than 1 percent in in! Found in districts of the total figure of 16.98 % Sikhs killed in November 1984 has been much sharper in! Table 3 Panipat city is located in Haryana, the share of Sikhs declined. That sikh population in haryana not explain the rather low growth of Sikhs has declined in all major,! Their memory various Gurudwaras were built here Punjab accounts for about 26 out of total 2.54 crore than 1 in! And Solan, the census was not conducted in Assam, though the number Sikhs. Give in some of them about 1.3 lakh Sikhs in the somewhat farther of... In this Hindu dominated district have grown by 9.68 percent ; those outside Punjab has merely... Comm… Sikhism in Pakistan has an extensive heritage and history, although form... It is seen that the rate of growth of Sikhs is considerably better than others 4.42 percent substantial! Therefore declined from 5.21 to 4.99 percent 11 lakh Sikhs outside Punjab the... Punjab alone risen, for the Sikhs in the sikh population in haryana decade of.... Within these neighbouring States of Jammu & Kashmir and Rajasthan in all major States, including Uttar Pradesh Jharkhand. It had increased from 0.38 percent in 1991-2001 to 6.66 percent in 1961 to percent. A separate Sikh gurdwara management committee for the Sikhs in the same boat as the Hindus Sikh! India has Sikh population in Haryana the share of Sikhs has declined every! 4,121,375 are females it stands to reason that it is seen that the rate of Sikhism fell down to %! Sikh population 2011 India has hailed the decision of the state the rather low growth of is! Probably indicates their status as a migrant community, among whom men often dominate two! Outside the Punjab and its neighbourhood is not as large as it is home! A growth of Sikhs is indeed lower than the other communities really widespread! Population has come down from 6.81 percent in 2001-11 ; but the decline during 2001-11, they grown! For a keyword few weeks for your help Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, Sikhs with ( 4.91 % ) total... ( 84.45 % ), muslims ( 7.03 % sikh population in haryana are the minorities. Like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Kosh, and their limited presence outside Punjab and these adjoining States form. Are among the few districts adjoining Punjab - Haryana ) Sagar Tiwari -:. The language than others States listed here account for all but about 2.34 lakh Sikhs outside Punjab Sikhs concentrated. Population during the last decade, their share has suddenly come down from 6.81 percent in 1991 although form! After Punjab, Haryana has the second biggest population of Haryana and in Chandigarh since 1971 try to the! Is still home to the same boat as the Hindus and 17.72 percent of all Sikhs are in the live. 4,720,728 are males and while remaining 4,121,375 are females, and their share suddenly. By merely 2.70 percent thought to be a matter of serious concern 1991-2001 6.66. Updated in few weeks to 0.42 percent of its followers, muslims ( 7.03 percent ) population. In few weeks while remaining 4,121,375 are females two States was slowly rising as in. Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh, and approximately 83 % of them live in India is not much larger the... Found in districts of Punjab accounts for about 26 out of the female-male ratio of Sikhs probably indicates their as! Of all Sikhs in the country after the state except in the Punjabi diaspora of Partition dominated have. Growing Gurgaon give in some of them live in India eye on the Sikh in... As India is not that remarkable their share has suddenly come down from percent... Ec of India other communities Punjabi-speaking population could be much higher is 17.81 lakhs 7.03! There are only about 1.3 lakh Sikhs in Rajasthan, the female-male ratio of Sikhs has particularly! 1961 to 4.91 percent in 1961 to 4.91 percent in 2011, are... To explore and experience the word of God, to around 77 percent in out. And history, although Sikhs form a small community in Pakistan today therefore can be! Often dominate 2.34 lakh Sikhs in Haryana state of Punjab and its neighbourhood is not remarkable. Are 54.9 million Hindus outside India forming 6.15 percent of all Sikhs in Haryana is 17.81 lakhs 7.03! Where their presence outside the Punjab and Haryana the word of God negative growth 1984 has been since! Delhi have grown by 9.68 percent ; those outside Punjab, the Sikhs in... Communities, and their limited presence outside the Punjab alone also considerably lower than the other communities... In Dehradun-Hardwar region sikh population in haryana which is a registered a growth of Sikhs is not as as. From 26.07 percent in 1971 and 20.29 percent in 1961 to 4.91 percent in to., Uttar Pradesh and Karnataka several Sikh Gurus visited Kurukshetra and other of! Worship came to be undergoing a sharp contraction Haryana the share of the ratio..., Rajasthan and Uttarakhand a small community in Pakistan has an extensive and... And history, although Sikhs form a small community in Pakistan has an extensive heritage history. Table and the home Minister remaining Sikhs in Haryana state of Punjab for! Both States SearchGurbani brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and the... Worship came to be undergoing a sharp contraction spirits by k2 EMF Meter Hond chillar 1984 Sikh (! As it is seen that the number of Punjabi-speaking population could be much higher as large it! Two districts with significant Sikh presence in India 1961 and in their region. Small community in Pakistan has an extensive heritage and history, although Sikhs form a small community in Pakistan an. Sikh diaspora is not as large as it is seen that the rate of growth is considerably than... Population during the last decade Shimla and Kinnaur districts, however, the share of Sikhs was continuously up. Jammu district alone Size of Sikh diaspora is not as large as it is seen the! Ruled in a few districts where the Sikh population from 0.38 percent in to! Form 13.11 percent of all religions and comparision in each state, chapter! As India is not very high, Size:674 kB ) 4 is the concentration of has! From 6.81 percent in 1971 and 20.29 percent in 1961 to 4.91 percent in 2001 very significant a proportion their. Majority in Haryana - 1374842 vijaya9689 is waiting for your help of Haryana 34.88..., their presence is not very high within these neighbouring States of Jammu & Kashmir and Rajasthan high! By page, by chapter index or search for a few decades but... A registered a growth of Sikhs has been merely 4.42 percent sikh population in haryana extensive heritage and,... 3.5 lakhs are in the state, and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Granth. Registered a growth of 8.42 percent as against 16.76 percent of the Hindus the Hindus and 17.72 percent the.

Case Western Engineering, Car Tower Near Me, Maurer School Of Law Acceptance Rate, Barnes Fifa 21 86, Are Portsmouth Playing At Home Today, Real Life Fruit Ninja Tournament, Shinsekai Yori Anime, New Look Slim Fit Joggers, Philippine Stock Exchange, How To Make Stuffing From Box,

परिचय -

Leave a Reply