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violence in honduras 2020

The government places specially trained police forces in areas tourists frequent (e.g. CJNG activity expanded into two new states – Veracruz and Puebla – which had previously been free of CJNG violence in 2020 up to that point ... Northern Triangle: El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala. Abortion is illegal in Honduras in all circumstances, including rape and incest, when a woman’s life is in danger, and when the fetus will not survive outside the womb. 28 Dec 2020. For fire and public safety emergencies, dial 911. International non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and USAID implementing partners have reported threats and violence when visiting some rural communities. Major cities connect via an inconsistently maintained, two-lane system of paved roads, with many unpaved secondary roads. HMC’s lab was reviewed by the Regional Medical Laboratory Scientist and found to be up to U.S. standards and quality assurance practices. Inhumane conditions, including overcrowding, inadequate nutrition, and poor sanitation are endemic in Honduran prisons. UNICEF has reported that no reliable statistics exist concerning how many children have been recruited into these groups. otherwise distributing OSAC-derived information in a manner inconsistent with this policy may result in the discontinuation of OSAC support. Honduras is one of the most impoverished nations in Central America. However, by evaluating the implemented solutions working to combat violence, homicides in Honduras appear to be dropping; raising the possibility of losing its position as the murder capital of the world. Traffic signs, even on major highways, are often inadequate; streets are often unmarked even in major cities. It was not clear how many of those killed or injured were victims of excessive force by authorities. Home to the second biggest barrier reef in the world, beaches, and sparkling turquoise sea, as well as a whole host of Mayan ruins, amazing coffee, and the second largest rainforest in the Americas, Honduras is extremely biodiverse: there are 770 bird species alone.. The study considered the city of San Pedro Sula in northern Honduras, due to its high levels of violence and displacement. But Honduras is far from Eden.Violence has long ruled here. Review OSAC’s report, Understanding the Consular Travel Advisory System, The U.S. Department of State has assessed Tegucigalpa as being a. To understand violence in Honduras, you have to understand one negative, recurring cycle. Seek legal representation before admitting or signing any legal form that acknowledges culpability. Spurred by anger with the government over accusations of public corruption, allegations of involvement in narcotics trafficking, and efforts to pass controversial education reform, protests and demonstrations were near-daily occurrences at times during 2019. Extortion is a key source of … The municipalities in which kidnappings were reported include: Districto Central (4), Jacaleapa (1), Trojes (1), Siguatepeque (1), Puerto Cortes (1), Lejamani (1), Tocoa (1), Tela (1), and Comayagua (1). These figures also reveal an estimated one out of five rural Hondurans is trying to survive on less than a mere $1.90 per day.Since poverty and criminal activity seem to have a close correlational relationship, it is no surprise that … There are no known international terrorist groups operating in Honduras. Violent crime is rampant in Honduras. The Honduras Country Council generally meets monthly on a rotating basis in Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula and has approximately 70 members. However, there can be communal tension over land ownership, natural resource allocation, and exploitation. Reach the local police anywhere in Honduras by dialing, . There are no legal cases involving instances of terrorism affecting U.S. citizens or facilities brought before the Honduran judicial system, and no reports of judicial developments that would have a negative impact on U.S. counterterrorism efforts. Local human rights organizations reported that the crackdown between March and July killed at least six people, wounded 80, and included 48 arbitrary detentions. Diarrheal illness is very common even in large cities and luxury accommodations. Satellite Phones: Critical or Contraband? The country does not appear to be a terrorist safe haven. Cruise ship industry contacts report that approximately one million U.S. citizens enter the country by ship every year, primarily in Roatán, but also in La Ceiba on the northern coast. In the first month of 2020, there were more than 31 victims, and their partners killed 55 percent, said the researcher, quoted by Proceso Digital. The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Honduras (OACNUDH) and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) expressed concern over reports that security forces fired live ammunition into demonstrations. Due to the lack of enforcement of traffic laws, travelers should make an extraordinary effort to drive defensively. Before you travel, consider the following resources: The contents of this (U) report in no way represent the policies, views, or attitudes of the United States Department of State, Gangs are not reluctant to use violence, and specialize in murder-for-hire, carjacking, extortion, and other violent street crime. In October 2019, a thief stole the side view mirrors from a U.S. employee’s personally owned vehicle while it was parked on a side street near the Embassy. The Embassy cannot secure the release or act as legal representation for any U.S. citizen. Although reports of kidnappings have dropped considerably in recent years, they continue to affect both the local and expatriate communities, with victims sometimes paying large ransoms for the prospect of release. In 2016, figures showed that over 66 percent of its population lived in extreme poverty. International press freedom organizations report that journalists continue to be targets of threats and violence, both by individuals and state agents. . Chanting, “long li… Discrimination occurs against ethnic minorities and the LGBTI+ community. There is no information to suggest that criminals specifically target U.S. citizens or foreigners. The Honduran human rights ombudsman, CONADEH, reported that as of September 2019, 79 journalists had been killed since October 2001, and that 91 percent of those killings remained unpunished. In November, the legislature postponed the entry into force of the penal code, which was planned for November 2019, to May 2020. Gracias a Dios is a remote location where narcotics trafficking is frequent, infrastructure is weak, government services are limited, and police/military presence is scarce. Violence linked to land disputes also occurs, particularly in the Bay Islands and Bajo Aguan Valley in northern Honduras. I have participated in extensive advocacy for improved legislation related to women’s rights and violence against women in Honduras. Violence based on gender identity or sexual orientation is widespread in Honduras. Local law allows the police to detain someone for up to 24 hours for administrative processing. ... Honduras elites blamed for violence against environmental activists. Read more. Last modified on Wed 14 Oct 2020 09.39 EDT. Some passengers opt to travel armed when using public transportation, which sometimes results in armed confrontations where innocent bystanders are injured or killed in the crossfire. In contrast, violence targeting civilians has decreased significantly in all three countries of the Northern Triangle since the official start of the pandemic in March. A1 1.00-4.00 pts … Most demonstrations were concentrated in or around city centers, public buildings, and other public areas. In May, the IACHR visited Honduras, as a follow up to its 2018 visit. Honduras lacks the infrastructure to maintain water purity and food safety. Honduras is one of the world’s deadliest nations. Those planning travel to Gracias a Dios should consider postponing their travel. While there are no areas in major urban cities free of violent crime, notably dangerous locations in Tegucigalpa include the areas surrounding Suyapa Cathedral, downtown Comayagüela, downtown Tegucigalpa, and neighborhoods in the outskirts of the city that are generally controlled by gangs. Nationwide protests and strikes erupted in April over the approval of regulations to restructure the health and education systems. The level of violence in Honduras has gotten attention, but the deeper cultural factors at work are less often plumbed. For more in-depth information, review OSAC’s. Following the enactment of the Law Even when traffic signals are working, drivers often ignore them. The IACHR expressed concern over the use of violence and other measures to prevent people from leaving the country, and urged Honduras to guarantee the migrants’ rights, including the right to leave any country. ... Guatemala and Honduras — because of threats of violence or political unrest. Many of these U.S. citizens are church and humanitarian aid volunteers working throughout the country, including in gang-controlled neighborhoods. Local, Regional, and International Terrorism Threats/Concerns. Embassy employees and others have experienced skimming at well-known restaurants, hotels, and retailers. Airlines estimate that approximately 250,000 U.S. citizens flew into Tegucigalpa, San Pedro Sula, or Roatán in 2019. Most crime victims are members of rival gangs, small business owners who resist gang extortion, passengers on public transportation, or those involved in land tenure disputes. Review OSAC’s report, Surviving a Protest. According to a November 2019 study entitled “Plan for Sustainable Urban Mobility for the Central District and Comayaguela,” 48% of passengers reported having been assaulted one time in the past 12 months while traveling on a Rapidito, 31% twice, 11% three times, and 10% more than three times. International non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and USAID implementing partners have reported threats and violence when visiting some rural communities. In April 2019, one or more individuals attempted a surreptitious breach of perimeter fencing at a U.S. Embassy residence. In 2017, the Honduran Congress unanimously passed a bill making all child marriage of those below the age of 18 illegal. Gangs are not reluctant to use violence, and specialize in murder-for-hire, carjacking, extortion, and other violent street crime. Would you like to continue with this session or log out? The U.S. Department of State strongly recommends purchasing international health insurance before traveling internationally. In March, the US State Department confirmed that it was halting aid to Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador, after President Donald Trump criticized Northern Triangle countries for their alleged lack of action in stopping the northbound caravans. Honduras lacks the infrastructure to maintain water purity and food safety. Spurred by anger with the government over accusations of public corruption, allegations of involvement in narcotics trafficking, and efforts to pass controversial education reform, protests and demonstrations were near-daily occurrences at times during 2019. Honduras requires proof of Yellow Fever immunization if coming from another country endemic with Yellow Fever. CHICAGO — The fate of a boy brought to the U.S. as a toddler when his family fled Honduras remains undecided Wednesday, after a judge ordered the case continued until 2020. Review OSAC’s report, Armed robberies, burglaries, vandalization, home invasions, and extortions occur; closely guarded officials, businesspersons, and diplomats are not immune. The document was compiled from various UNICEF reports that a third of all Honduran girls marry before 18. Driving in Honduras can be dangerous. There are an estimated 7,000-10,000 gang members in a country with an approximate population of ten million people. Officials say 2,241 kilograms of cocaine have been seized between January and July 2020, a little more than last year’s entire haul of 2,218 kilograms, Proceso Digital reported. Land title procedures have been an issue leading to investment disputes involving U.S. nationals who are landowners. Avoid protests, which can quickly turn violent. in the past 12 months, 32% twice, 6% three times, and 3% more than three times. Your session will expire soon and log you out. CONADEH's Internal Displacement Unit reports that the forced recruitment of children by gangs or criminal groups is the fifth most frequent reason that Hondurans became internally displaced in the first semester of 2019. According to the Honduran National Police, there were 12 kidnappings reported nationwide during 2019. Homicide violence reached a peak in 2012 with an average of 20 homicides a day. In January, a new migrant caravan started forming in San Pedro Sula, heading toward Mexico and the United States. Despite being considered the best private hospital in Tegucigalpa, it is not Joint Commission International (JCI) accredited; JCI is an independent, not-for-profit organization that evaluates and accredits healthcare organizations. The UN special rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders calls Honduras one of the most dangerous countries in Latin America for human rights defenders. Due to the remote nature of these areas, the government’s ability to respond to violence or other problems is often very limited, as is access to medical facilities. The following day, protesters started a fire outside of one of the U.S. Embassy’s entrances during demonstrations against public-sector reforms in the country. Reports of kidnappings of U.S. citizens are not common, with zero reports for 2019. Most of the persons included there were displaced for resisting extortion by the maras and gangs, while others had received direct threats for being linked to their threatened relatives. However, kidnapping figures are likely lower than reality, as families of kidnapping victims often pay ransoms without reporting these crimes to police out of fear of retribution. ERIC staff join caravans as independent witnesses. The association said 23 journalists have been killed in the Americas in 2020 — 11 of them in Mexico, four in Honduras, two each in Venezuela and Guatemala, and one each in Barbados, Brazil, Colombia y Paraguay. Many activists report that crimes committed against the LGBTI+ community go unpunished. The 18th Street and MS-13 (. ) As of November, Radio Globo director David Romero remained in prison, serving a 10-year sentence for defamation, according to the Honduran press freedom organization C-Libre. Review OSAC’s reports, There are an estimated 7,000-10,000 gang members in a country with an approximate population of ten million people. Kidnappings declined by 82% since 2013, from 92 in 2013 to 14 in 2018, and 12 in 2019. In addition, a lack of implementing regulations leads to long delays in the awarding of titles in some regions. There are claims of widespread corruption in land sales, deed filing, and dispute resolution, including claims against attorneys, real estate companies, judges, and local officials. , which requires free prior notice and informed consent from indigenous communities before any development projects can begin; the congress has not approved a law regulating this process. Most cruise line passengers experience no problems, but there have been reports of associated armed robbery and carjacking. Many of these U.S. citizens are church and humanitarian aid volunteers working throughout the country, including in gang-controlled neighborhoods. 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